Nikon D810 Hands-On Preview

June 26, 2014 | Zoltan Arva-Toth | Digital SLR Cameras | 8 Comments |
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We have spent some quality time with the brand new, 36-megapixel Nikon D810 full-frame digital SLR camera to deliver you a hands-on preview. You can read our initial impressions below.

N.B.: as the Nikon D810 is extremely similar to its forebears the Nikon D800 and D800E (which we reviewed in detail here and here), in this preview we will concentrate on the main differences only.

Appearance and Handling

At first sight, there appear to be no major differences between the Nikon D810 and D800/E – which is very good news for anyone wishing to upgrade from any of these models, as the transition promises to be very smooth. Upon closer inspection, one can find a handful of minor design modifications and changes in the camera's handling. For starters, the right-hand grip has been redesigned – it is now slightly narrower and deeper at the same time. This may not be readily apparent by taking a cursory look, but in hand, the two cameras do feel different. It's a small change but one that D800/E users trading up will definitely notice.

The rear plates of the Nikon D810 and D800E

On the rear plate we find a new button denoted with the letter 'i'. This button provides quick access to some of the camera's functions such as the new 'live view split screen zoom,' which we will cover in a minute. While this button is new to the Nikon D8xx series, D7100 owners will find it familiar – although on the D810, it is located closer to the Live View button.

The Bracketing button has found a new home on the front plate, below the flash housing

Another – possibly more consequential – change is the relocation of the Bracketing (BKT) button to the front of the camera. This is one of the few interface changes that may require some getting used to if you are coming from a D800/E. The reason for this modification is that the D800/E's three-position metering mode switch has given way to a metering mode button located on the top left shoulder – i. e. exactly where the BKT button was on the D800 and D800E.

Highlight-Weighted Metering

The button cluster on the camera's top left shoulder now has a metering button

One of the reasons why the D800/E's three-position metering mode switch is no longer found on the D810 is that the new camera has an extra 'highlight-weighted' metering mode. Whilst Olympus have offered a so-called highlight-based spot metering option on its more advanced cameras for years, Nikon's highlight-based metering is different in that it's basically a kind of matrix metering mode that favours the preservation of highlights over an overall balanced exposure. This should be easier to use than spot metering in some circumstances, such as when photographing a solo dancer on a dark stage, for example.

New Sensor sans OLPF

Nikon claims that the D810 has an 'all-new' sensor, despite having a similar pixel count as the D800 and D800E (as well as the Sony A7R). Apparently the main difference is the total lack of an optical low-pass filter (OLPF). The Nikon D800 and D800E both had low-pass filters in front of their sensors, although the D800E had one with 'the anti-aliasing effects removed', as explained by Nikon in this document. The Nikon D810 does away with the OLPF entirely, which should result in improved detail, sharpness and microcontrast (as well as some colour moiré in a few rare cases). The Nikon D810 unit we got to try out at a press conference was a preproduction model so we could not take any test shots with it, but Nikon themselves have posted 35 high-resolution sample images that you can check out if you'd like to get a taste of what the camera is capable of.

Quieter Shutter / Mirror Slap

Nikon's Gergely Kaszás demonstrating the difference in the 'mirror slap' of the Nikon D810 and D800E

One thing we noticed when trying out the D810 is that its shutter sound / mirror return is much quieter than that of its predecessors, or indeed any other 35mm full-frame digital SLR camera that we have tested so far. This is very good news for anyone intending to use the camera in a quiet setting such as a theatre, church or classical concert venue. The company says it has developed a new mirror sequencer / balancer as well as a new shutter unit designed for 200,000 actuations, decreased vibration and quieter operation.

Electronic First Curtain Shutter Function

This new feature is aimed at reducing vibration-induced camera shake, and should come in espectially handy for astro- and macro-photographers as well as landscapists.

Faster Continuous Shooting and Image Processing

The Nikon D810 inherits the EXPEED 4 processing engine from the company's flagship professional camera, the Nikon D4S, contributing to a 25% increase in continuous shooting speed (to 5fps, up from 4fps in the D800 and D800E) as well as 30% faster data processing. In DX crop mode, the Nikon D810 can shoot 15.3-megapixel photos at up to 7fps when the optional MB-D12 battery grip is attached.

Improved Auto-focus System

The Nikon D810 offers a 51-point AF system just like its predecessors but Nikon have tweaked it to enable more accurate focusing, and added the so-called Group Area AF mode first seen in the D4S. This, combined with the faster continuous shooting, should make the D810 better at capturing fast-moving subjects. The venue where the press conference was held was not exactly the right place for testing this so we cannot comment on the D810's Group Area AF performance yet, but it's something we would definitely like to explore in our upcoming in-depth review.

Wider Sensitivity Range

The camera has a base sensitivity of ISO 64/19°, expandable to ISO 32/16°, which means there's less of a need for an ND filter in certain circumstances (such as shooting with a fast lens wide open in broad daylight). At the other end of the scale, the Nikon D810 has a maximum sensitivity of ISO 12,800/42°, expandable to ISO 51,200/48°.

New 'Raw S' Option

Canon has been offering sRaw and mRaw image quality options in its advanced digital cameras for years but Nikon only introduced a Raw S[mall] feature when the D4S was launched. The D810 thus becomes the second Nikon camera to offer this option. In this case, it means a 9-megapixel image in 12-bit raw file format, which takes up less space on the memory card and requires less time to transfer to a computer. With the Nikon D810's full-resolution raw files being absolutely huge, this is a great option to have for whenever you don't need the full 36 megapixels the sensor can capture.

New 'Flat' Picture Control

Nikon have added a new Picture Control to its in-camera image enhancement system. The 'Flat' option, also available for 'D-movies,' will likely be a favourite with videographers as it provides a 'film-like' - low-contrast, high-dynamic-range - look that many cinematographers prefer over the harsher appearance typical of footage captured with most digital (and analogue) video cameras. Stills photographers will also appreciate this option for at least two reasons. JPEG shooters can preserve both highlight and shadow detail when shooting contrasty scenes, while raw shooters will have a more accurate in-camera histogram (which is based on an embedded JPEG even when shooting raw) to judge exposure. On a related note, there's now a Clarity slider available for fine-tuning any of the six Picture Controls, which offers the kind of superior microcontrast adjustment that has, until now, only been available in post-processing applications.

Live View Split Screen Zoom

A slide from Nikon's presentation

In Live View, you can use a unique 'split screen zoom' feature, which shows you magnified areas from the left and right sides of the live image feed to help you accurately level the camera. This function, which is more accurate than an electronic level gauge, is likely to be extremely helpful for architectural and product photographers in particular. It also helps you with checking sharpness uniformity across the frame.

Enhanced Movie Recording

While Nikon haven't embraced 4K video yet, they are now offering a very good 'D-movie' mode on the D810. You can now shoot movies at up to 1080/50p/60p in the full ISO range, with built-in stereo microphones, in both FX and DX crop modes. Seasoned videographers will welcome the 'zebras' feature, which denotes blown highlights with zebra stripes in Movie Live View; as well as the option to record movies to a memory card and an external recorder at the same time.

Improved LCD Screen

The Nikon D810's LCD screen is the same size (3.2”) as that of the D800/E but it now boasts 1.23 million dots in an RGBW layout. As with the D4S, you can fine-tune the monitor's white balance along the red-blue and green-magenta axes. While this is still a far cry from proper monitor calibration, this feature does help you in matching the colours of your camera's screen to those of your computer display.

OLED Viewfinder Display

The in-finder status LCD of the Nikon D800/E has given way to an OLED panel, a la Nikon D7100, which is considerably easier to see. This will be particularly useful to those using manual-focus lenses in combination with the camera's 'electronic rangefinder' function (as any MF lens user who has traded up from a D7000 to a D7100 can attest). The viewfinder itself is essentially unchanged, but the optical elements feature new coatings for improved clarity.

Extended Battery Life

The Nikon D810 uses the same battery as its immediate forebears, but it manages to shoot more frames (1200 according to CIPA standards, more if you don't use the built-in flash) on one charge.


The Nikon D810 alongside the Nikon D800E

These are the main modifications, enhancements and changes that we have noticed during our first encounter with the Nikon D810. In most other respects, the new model is identical to the Nikon D800 and D800E. It has a similarly weather sealed body, identical viewfinder specifications (100% frame coverage, 0.7x magnification with a 50mm lens focused at infinity), a similar pixel count, an identically sized (FX) sensor, the same two memory card slots (Compact Flash and SD), the same connection ports (now with separate rubber flaps for audio in&out, USB and HDMI), and a very similar menu system (with the afore-mentioned new functions added, of course). That's all we have for today but stay tuned for our upcoming in-depth review!



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#1 Markus

I almost do not know what to say, either for or against. Clearly, there are some big things a full frame divided by 36,000,000 pixels can do in awesome style. Same, even more, for medium format. If you have the mind, the eye, and the wrist, more power to you. As a company, however, Nikon spends more time "manufacturing story" for wannabes than anyone else, and the job of a halo camera is to sprinkle fairy dust on the rest of the product line, thus it is the Nikon religion, not the product that counts in the marketing department. Brand management. Is the 810 more awesome than the 800? Hmm. Here's some math, the pixels on the D-8x0's are so close to exactly the same size as those on the D-5100, that there is very little sense in discussing the difference. If deep ISO is what you're after, you'd be better served full frame divided by 24,000,000. Precision in the infinitesimally accurate photo-lithography of photo sites and analog to digital converters is damn near miraculous. If you are enthused but unaware, Sony fabs the sensor, same one in the Alpha 7R, for $1000 less. If you can afford the camera, though, you can afford the very expensive glass. I am not a wannabe, just poor, so, I do not buy THE story. MANY other camera stories make good sense when you are occupied in other professions.

2:22 am - Friday, June 27, 2014

#2 Jan

A lot of words considering you don't know what to say. What ARE you trying to say?

12:18 pm - Friday, June 27, 2014

#3 Nexus

Seems to me that the latest Fuji, Pentax, Panasonic & Sony offerings are selling more of this "fairy dust" than Nikon or Canon ~ EVF, 4K video, GPS & WiFi are what's 'cool' in the blogs these days! Photographic technique be dammed when we've got Instagram and one button filters.

4:36 pm - Sunday, June 29, 2014

#4 Markus

I am not much interested in Instagram either. The point is, camera ownership and camera brand "fairy dust" do not confer technique, which sadly is often missing to a pitiful degree. An average camera in the hands of somebody who knows what they are doing will take better pictures than a full frame in the hands of an idiot. For the longest time, I missed the deliberated approach that I learned on a manual SLR whose only assist was a metering needle between a plus and minus. I thought about the whole effect and made all the decisions before I pressed the shutter. I liked shooting that way. But I would not agree that the mirror-less segment is trendy or merely cool. It is awesome to have a full frame in the segment. I do not, at the moment, have a use for video, much less 4K. But the use of a less conspicuous camera with an awesome sensor and less expensive lenses is a boon. For sports photography, I would rather use a phase-detect D-SLR with an expensive zoom. But for general photography, the bulky APS-C cameras have nothing to lord over the mirror-less segment. This new fangled DFD focus method from Panasonic has merit, as does the odd EXR sensor from Fuji in APS-C format. It comes very close to matching full frame performance in regards to deep ISO. We are living in a period of camera adventure and economic challenge. Doing more with what we used to think of as "less" is where the market is going, and where it ends will certain feature a sharp decline in D-SLR numbers. It's partly about thinking out-of-the-box and coming to a conclusion after some experimentation that they way we have done things in the past still has something to say, but that the new kids on the block are saying some of the same things with a different vocabulary whose aims are the same. There is more to it than form factor. It's all about pictures.

5:24 am - Monday, June 30, 2014

#5 macbook cu


I want to buy in Vietnam and Vietnam brought the machine what to do?

3:44 am - Wednesday, July 30, 2014

#6 Robert Hall

If you are looking for full size sample images of the D810, or small raw/ sRaw, you can download them here http://www.robhallphoto.com/education/nikon-d810-review-sample-raw-files-nef

5:42 am - Thursday, August 7, 2014

#7 minix neo x8

Thank you @Robert Hall. Good idea

4:55 am - Wednesday, September 3, 2014

#8 chu ky so fpt

The price is not so good people. I want to buy it do?

9:11 am - Tuesday, November 18, 2014