Canon EOS 550D Review

4.5
March 31, 2010 | Zoltan Arva-Toth |

Specifications

IMAGE SENSOR

Type

22.3 x 14.9mm CMOS

Effective Pixels

Approx. 18.0 megapixels

Total Pixels

Approx. 18.7 megapixels

Aspect Ratio

3:2

Low-Pass Filter

Built-in/Fixed with Self Cleaning Sensor Unit

Sensor Cleaning

EOS integrated cleaning system

Colour Filter Type

Primary Colour

IMAGE PROCESSOR

Type

DIGIC 4

LENS

Lens Mount

EF/EF-S

Focal Length

Equivalent to 1.6x the focal length of the lens

FOCUSING

Type

TTL-CT-SIR AF-dedicated with a CMOS sensor

AF System/ Points

9 AF points (f/5.6 cross type at centre, extra sensitivity at f/2.8)

AF Working Range

EV -0.5 -18 (at 23°C & ISO100)

AF Modes

AI Focus
One Shot
AI Servo

AF Point Selection

Automatic selection, Manual selection

Selected AF Point Display

Superimposed in viewfinder and indicated on LCD monitor

Predictive AF

Yes, up to 10m ¹

AF Lock

Locked when shutter button is pressed half way in One Shot AF mode.

AF Assist Beam

Intermittent firing of built-in flash or emitted by optional dedicated Speedlite

Manual Focus

Selected on lens

EXPOSURE CONTROL

Metering Modes

TTL full aperture metering with 63-zone SPC
(1) Evaluative metering (linked to all AF points)
(2) Partial metering at center (approx. 9% of viewfinder)
(3) Spot metering (approx. 4% of viewfinder at center)
(4) Center weighted average metering

Metering Range

EV 1-20 (at 23°C with 50mm f/1.4 lens ISO100)

AE Lock

Auto: In 1-shot AF mode with evaluative metering exposure is locked when focus is achieved.
Manual: By AE lock button in creative zone modes.

Exposure Compensation

+/-5 EV in 1/3 or 1/2 stop increments (can be combined with AEB).

AEB

3 shots +/- 2 EV, 1/2 or 1/3-stop increments

ISO Sensitivity*

AUTO(100-6400), 100-6400 Expandable to H (approx 12800) in 1-stop increments

SHUTTER

Type

Electronically-controlled focal-plane shutter

Speed

30-1/4000 sec (1/2 or 1/3 stop increments), Bulb (Total shutter speed range. Available range varies by shooting mode)

WHITE BALANCE

Type

Auto white balance with the imaging sensor

Settings

AWB, Daylight, Shade, Cloudy, Tungsten, White
Fluorescent light, Flash, Custom.
White balance compensation:
1. Blue/Amber +/-9
2. Magenta/ Green +/-9.

Custom White Balance

Yes, 1 setting can be registered

WB Bracketing

+/-3 levels in single level increments
3 bracketed images per shutter release.
Selectable Blue/Amber bias or Magenta/ Green bias.

VIEWFINDER

Type

Pentamirror

Coverage (Vertical/Horizontal)

Approx. 95%

Magnification

Approx. 0.87x

Eyepoint

Approx. 19mm (from eyepiece lens centre)

Dioptre Correction

-3 to +1 (1/m) (dioptre)

Focusing Screen

Fixed

Mirror

Quick-return half mirror (Transmission: reflection ratio of 40:60, no mirror cut-off with EF600mm f/4 or shorter)

Viewfinder Information

AF information: AF points, focus confirmation light
Exposure information: Shutter speed, aperture value, ISO speed (always displayed), AE lock, exposure level/compensation, spot metering circle, exposure warning, AEB
Flash information: Flash ready, high-speed sync, FE lock, flash exposure compensation, red-eye reduction light
Image information: White balance correction, SD card information, monochrome shooting, maximum burst (1 digit display), Highlight tone priority (D+)

Depth of Field Preview

Yes, with Depth of Field preview button.

Eyepiece Shutter

On strap

LCD MONITOR

Type

7.7cm (3.0") 3:2 Clear View TFT, approx. 1040K dots

Coverage

Approx. 100%

Viewing Angle (Horizontally/Vertically)

Approx 160°

Coating

Dual Anti-reflection, anti smudge

Brightness Adjustment

Adjustable to one of seven levels

Display Options

(1) Quick Control Screen
(2) Camera settings

FLASH

Built-in Flash GN (ISO 100, meters)

13

Built-in Flash Coverage

up to 17mm focal length (35mm equivalent: 27mm)

Built-in Flash Recycle Time

Approx. 3 seconds

Modes

Auto, Manual Flash On/off

Red-Eye Reduction

Yes - with red eye reduction lamp

X-Sync

1/200sec

Flash Exposure Compensation

+/- 2EV in 1/2 or 1/3 increments

Flash Exposure Bracketing

Yes, with compatible External Flash

Flash Exposure Lock

Yes

Second Curtain Synchronisation

Yes

HotShoe/ PC Terminal

Yes/ -

External Flash Compatibility

E-TTL II with EX series Speedlites, wireless multi-flash support

External Flash Control

via camera menu screen

SHOOTING

Modes

Auto, Portrait, Landscape, Close-up, Sports, Night Portrait, No Flash, Movie, Program AE , Shutter priority AE, Aperture priority AE, Manual, A-DEP

Picture Styles

Standard, Portrait, Landscape, Neutral, Faithful, Monochrome, User Defined (x3)

Colour Space

sRGB and Adobe RGB

Image Processing

Highlight Tone Priority
Auto Lighting Optimizer (Basic and Creative modes)
Long exposure noise reduction
High ISO speed noise reduction
Peripheral illumination correction

Drive Modes

Single, Continuous, Self timer (2s, 10s+remote, 10s + continuous shots 2-10)

Continuous Shooting

Max. Approx. 3.7fps. (speed maintained for minimum of approx 34 images (JPEG)¹, 6 images (RAW)) ²

LIVE VIEW MODE

Type

Electronic viewfinder with image sensor

Coverage

Approx. 100% (horizontally and vertically)

Frame Rate

30 fps

Focusing

Manual Focus (Magnify the image 5x or 10x at any point on screen)
Autofocus: Quick mode, Live mode

Metering

Real-time evaluative metering with image sensor
Active metering time can be changed

Display Options

Grid overlay, Histogram

FILE TYPE

Still Image Type

JPEG: Fine, Normal (Exif 2.21 [Exif Print] compliant) / Design rule for Camera File system (2.0),
RAW: RAW (14bit, Canon original RAW 2nd edition),
Digital Print Order Format [DPOF] Version 1.1 compliant

RAW+JPEG Simultaneous Recording

Yes (RAW + Large JPEG only)

Image Size

JPEG: (L) 5184x3456 (M) 3456x2304, (S) 2592x1728
RAW: (RAW) 5184x3456

Movie Type

MOV (Video: H.264, Sound: Linear PCM)

Movie Size

1920 x 1080 (29.97, 25, 23.976 fps)
1280 x 720 (59.94, 50 fps)
640 x 480 (59.94, 50 fps)

Movie Length

Max duration 29m 59sec, Max file size 4GB

File Numbering

(1) Consecutive numbering
(2) Auto reset
(3) Manual reset

OTHER FEATURES

Custom Functions

12 Custom Functions with 36 settings

Metadata Tag

User copyright information (can be set in camera)

LCD Panel / Illumination

Yes

Playback Zoom

1.5x - 10x enabled in 15steps

Display Formats

(1) Single image with information (2 levels)
(2) Single image
(3) 4 image index
(4) 9 image index
(5) Jump Display

Slide Show

Image selection: All images, by Date, by Folder, Movies, Stills
Playback time: 1/2/3/5 seconds
Repeat: On/Off

Histogram

Brightness: Yes
RGB: Yes

Highlight Alert

Yes (Shooting information display only)

Image Erase/Protection

Erase: Single image, Checkmarked images, Unprotected images
Protection: Erase protection of one image at a time

Data Verification

Original image verification data can be appended to the image (OSK-E3 required for verification)

Menu Categories

(1) Shooting menu (x4)
(2) Playback menu (x2)
(3) Setup menu (x3)
(4) My Menu

Menu Languages

25 Languages
English, German, French, Dutch, Danish, Portuguese, Finnish, Italian, Norwegian, Swedish, Spanish, Greek, Russian, Polish, Czech, Hungarian, Romanian, Ukrainian, Turkish, Arabic, Thai, Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, Korean and Japanese

Firmware Update

Update possible by the user.

INTERFACE

Computer

Hi-Speed USB

Other

Video output (PAL/ NTSC) (integrated with USB terminal), HDMI mini output (HDMI-CEC compatible), External microphone (3.5mm Stereo mini jack)

DIRECT PRINT

Canon Printers

Canon Compact Photo Printers and PIXMA Printers supporting PictBridge

PictBridge

Yes

STORAGE

Type

SD card, SDHC card or SDXC card

SUPPORTED OPERATING SYSTEM

PC & Macintosh

Windows XP (SP2/SP3) / Vista inc SP1 (excl. Starter Edition) / 7 (excl. Starter Edition)
OS X v10.4-10.6

SOFTWARE

Entry Tags

hd video, hd, 3 inch LCD, 1080p, 720p, DSLR, canon, 18 megapixel, digital SLR, eos 550d, Canon EOS 550D Review, t2i, digital rebel t2i, 550d

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