Canon EOS 7D Review

4.5
October 14, 2009 | Mark Goldstein |

Specifications

IMAGE SENSOR

Type

22.3mm x 14.9mm CMOS

Effective Pixels

Approx. 18.00 megapixels

Total Pixels

Approx. 19.00 megapixels

Aspect Ratio

3.2

Low-Pass Filter

Built-in/Fixed

Sensor Cleaning

EOS integrated cleaning system with fluorine coating

Colour Filter Type

Primary Colour

IMAGE PROCESSOR

 

Type

Dual "DIGIC 4"

LENS

Lens Mount

EF/EF-S

Focal Length

Equivalent to 1.6x the focal length of the lens

FOCUSING

 

Type

TTL-CT-SIR with a CMOS sensor

AF System/ Points

19 cross-type AF points (f/2.8 at centre)

AF Working Range

EV -0.5 - 18 (at 23°C & ISO100)

AF Modes

AI Focus
One Shot
AI Servo

AF Point Selection

Automatic selection: 19 point AF
Manual selection: Single point AF
Manual selection: Spot AF
Manual selection: AF point Expansion
Manual selection: Zone AF
AF points can be selected separately for vertical and horizontal shooting

Selected AF Point Display

Indicated by a transmissive LCD in viewfinder and on top LCD panel and Quick Control screen

Predictive AF

Yes, up to 8m¹

AF Lock

Locked when shutter button is pressed half way in One Shot AF mode or AF-ON button is pressed.

AF Assist Beam

Intermittent firing of built-in flash or emitted by optional dedicated Speedlite

Manual Focus

Selected on lens, default in Live View Mode

AF Microadjustment

C.Fn III-5
+/- 20 steps
Adjust all lenses by same amount
Adjust up to 20 lenses individually

EXPOSURE CONTROL

Metering Modes

TTL full aperture metering with 63 zone Dual Layer SPC
(1) Evaluative metering (linked to All AF point)
(2) Partial metering (approx. 9.4% of viewfinder at centre)
(3) Spot metering (approx. 2.3% viewfinder at centre)
(4) Centre weighted average metering

Metering Range

EV 1 - 20 (at 23°C with 50mm f/1.4 lens ISO100)

AE Lock

Auto: In 1-shot AF mode with evaluative metering exposure is locked when focus is achieved.
Manual: By AE lock button in creative zone modes.

Exposure Compensation

+/-5 EV in 1/3 or 1/2 stop increments (can be combined with AEB).

AEB

3 Shots +/-3 EV 1/3 or 1/2 stop increments

ISO Sensitivity*

Auto (100-3200), 100-6400 (in 1/3-stop or whole stop increments)
ISO can be expanded to H: 12800

SHUTTER

 

Type

Electronically-controlled focal-plane shutter

Speed

30-1/8000 sec (1/2 or 1/3 stop increments), Bulb (Total shutter speed range. Available range varies by shooting mode)

WHITE BALANCE

Type

Auto white balance with the imaging sensor

Settings

AWB, Daylight, Shade, Cloudy, Tungsten, White
Fluorescent light, Flash, Custom, Colour Temperature Setting.
White balance compensation:
1. Blue/Amber +/-9
2. Magenta/ Green +/-9.

Custom White Balance

Yes, 1 setting can be registered

WB Bracketing

+/-3 levels in single level increments
3 bracketed images per shutter release.
Selectable Blue/Amber bias or Magenta/ Green bias.

VIEWFINDER

 

Type

Pentaprism

Coverage (Vertical/Horizontal)

Approx. 100%

Magnification

Approx. 1.0x¹

Eyepoint

Approx. 22mm (from eyepiece lens centre)

Dioptre Correction

-3 to +1 (1/m) (dioptre)

Focusing Screen

Fixed (Transmissive LCD screen)

Mirror

Quick-return half mirror (Transmission: reflection ratio of 40:60, no mirror cut-off with EF600mm f/4 or shorter)

Viewfinder Information

AF information: AF points, focus confirmation light.
Exposure information: Shutter speed, aperture value, ISO speed (always displayed), AE lock, exposure level/compensation, spot metering circle, exposure warning, AEB.
Flash information: Flash ready, high-speed sync, FE lock, flash exposure compensation, red-eye reduction light.
Image information: White balance correction, CF card information, monochrome shooting, maximum burst (2 digit display), Highlight tone priority (D+).
Composition information: Grid, Dual Axis Electronic level

Depth of Field Preview

Yes, with Depth of Field preview button.

Eyepiece Shutter

On strap

LCD MONITOR

Type

3.0" Clear View II TFT, approx. 920K dots

Coverage

Approx. 100%

Viewing Angle (Horizontally/Vertically)

Approx 160°

Coating

Anti-reflection and Solid Structure

Brightness Adjustment

Auto: Using extenal amibent light sensor
Manual: Adjustable to one of seven levels

Display Options

(1) Quick Control Screen
(2) Camera settings
(3) Dual Axis Electronic Level

FLASH

 

Built-in Flash GN (ISO 100, meters)

12

Built-in Flash Coverage

up to 15mm focal length (35mm equivalent: 24mm)

Built-in Flash Recycle Time

Approx. 3 seconds

Modes

Auto, Manual flash, Multi flash, Integrated Speedlite Transmitter

Red-Eye Reduction

Yes

X-Sync

1/250sec

Flash Exposure Compensation

+/- 3EV in 1/2 or 1/3 increments

Flash Exposure Bracketing

Yes, with compatible External Flash

Flash Exposure Lock

Yes

Second Curtain Synchronisation

Yes

HotShoe/ PC Terminal

Yes/ Yes

External Flash Compatibility

E-TTL II with EX series Speedlites, wirless multi-flash support

External Flash Control

Via camera menu screen

SHOOTING

Modes

Auto (Stills and Movie), Creative Auto, Program AE, Shutter priority AE, Aperture priority AE, Manual (Stills and Movie), Custom (x3)

Picture Styles

Standard, Portrait, Landscape, Neutral, Faithful, Monochrome, User Defined (x3)

Colour Space

sRGB and Adobe RGB

Image Processing

Highlight Tone Priority
Auto Lighting Optimizer (4 settings)
Long exposure noise reduction
High ISO speed noise reduction (4 settings)
Auto Correction of Lens Peripheral illumination

Drive Modes

Single, Continuous L, Continuous H, Self timer (2s+remote, 10s +remote)

Continuous Shooting

Max. Approx. 8fps. (speed maintained for up to 126 images (JPEG)¹ (with UDMA card), 15 images (RAW))²

LIVE VIEW MODE

 

Type

Electronic viewfinder with image sensor

Coverage

Approx. 100% (horizontally and vertically)

Frame Rate

30 fps

Focusing

Manual Focus (Magnify the image 5x or 10x at any point on screen)
Autofocus: Quick mode, Live mode, Live Face detection mode

Metering

Real-time evaluative metering with image sensor
Active metering time can be changed

Display Options

Grid overlay (x2), Histogram

FILE TYPE

Still Image Type

JPEG: Fine, Normal (Exif 2.21 [Exif Print] compliant) / Design rule for Camera File system (2.0),
RAW: RAW, M-RAW, S-RAW (14bit, Canon original RAW 2nd edition),
Digital Print Order Format [DPOF] Version 1.1 compliant

RAW+JPEG Simultaneous Recording

Yes, any combination of RAW + JPEG, M-RAW + JPEG, S-RAW + JPEG possible.

Image Size

JPEG: (L) 100%4x3456, (M) 3456x2304, (S) 2592x1728
RAW: (RAW) 100%4x3456, (M-RAW) 3888x2592, (S-RAW) 2592x1728

Movie Type

MOV (Video: H.264, Sound: Linear PCM)

Movie Size

1920 x 1080 (29.97, 25, 23.976 fps)
1280 x 720 (59.94, 50 fps)
640 x 480 (59.94, 50 fps)

Movie Length

Max duration 29min 59sec, Max file size 4GB

Folders

New folders can be manually created and selected

File Numbering

(1) Consecutive numbering
(2) Auto reset
(3) Manual reset

OTHER FEATURES

 

Custom Functions

27 Custom Fubctions with 70 settings

Metadata Tag

User copyright information (can be set in camera)

LCD Panel / Illumination

Yes / Yes

Water/ Dust Resistance

Yes (equal to EOS-1N)

Sound Memo

-

Intelligent Orientation Sensor

Yes

Playback Zoom

1.5x - 10x

Display Formats

(1) Single image with information (2 levels)
(2) Single image
(3) 4 image index
(4) 9 image index
(5) Magnified view

Slide Show

Image selection: All images, by Date, by Folder, Movies, Stills
Playback time: 1/2/3/5 seconds
Repeat: On/Off

Histogram

Brightness: Yes
RGB: Yes

Highlight Alert

Yes

Image Erase/Protection

Erase: Single image, All images in folder, Checkmarked images, unprotected images
Protection: Erase protection of one image at a time

Data Verification

Original image verification data can be appended to the image (OSK-E3 required for verification)

Entry Tags

hd video, hd, 3 inch LCD, 1080p, DSLR, 18 megapixel, digital SLR, 8fps, Canon, EOS, 7D, Canon EOS 7D Review