Nikon D3S Review

5.0
February 3, 2010 | Zoltan Arva-Toth |

Specifications

Effective Pixels 12.1 million
Type Single-lens reflex digital camera
Lens Mount Nikon F mount (with AF coupling and AF contacts)
Picture Angle Equivalent to angle produced by lens focal length (1.5 times when DX format is selected)
Image Sensor CMOS sensor, 36.0 × 23.9 mm; Nikon FX format
Total Pixels 12.87 million
Dust-reduction System Image Sensor Cleaning, Image Dust Off reference data (optional Capture NX 2 software required).
Image Size (pixels) 1. FX format (36×24): 4,256 × 2,832 (large), 3,184 × 2,120 (medium), 2,128 × 1,416 (small) 1.1.2× (30×20): 3,552 × 2,368 (large), 2,656 × 1,776 (medium), 1,776 × 1,184 (small) 1. DX format (24×16): 2,784 × 1,848 (large), 2,080 × 1,384 (medium), 1,392 × 920 (small) 1. 5:4 (30×24): 3,552 × 2,832 (large), 2,656 × 2,120 (medium), 1,776 × 1,416 (small)
File Format 1) NEF (RAW): 12 or 14 bit, lossless compressed, compressed, or uncompressed, 2) TIFF (RGB), 3) JPEG: JPEG-Baseline compliant with fine (approx. 1:4), normal (approx. 1:8), or basic (approx. 1:16) compression (Size priority); Optimal quality compression available, 4) NEF (RAW) + JPEG: Single photograph recorded in both NEF (RAW) and JPEG formats
Picture Control System Four setting options: Standard, Neutral, Vivid, Monochrome; each option can be adjusted
Storage Media CompactFlash (Type I, compliant with UDMA)
Double Slot Slot 2 can be used for overflow or backup storage or for separate storage of NEF (RAW) and JPEG images; pictures can be copied between cards
File System Compliant with DCF 2.0, DPOF, Exif 2.21, and PictBridge
Viewfinder Eye-level pentaprism single-lens reflex viewfinder
Frame Coverage FX (36x24): Approx. 100% (vertical/horizontal), 1.2x (30x20): Approx. 97% (vertical/horizontal), DX (24x16): Approx. 97% (vertical/horizontal), 5:4 (30x24): Approx. 100% (vertical) and approx. 97% (horizontal)
Magnification Approx. 0.7x (50mm f/1.4 lens at infinity; -1.0 m-1)
Eyepoint 18 mm (-1.0 m-1)
Diopter Adjustment -3 to +1 m-1
Reflex Mirror Quick return
Depth-of-field Preview When Pv (depth-of-field preview) button is pressed, lens aperture can be stopped down to value selected by user (A and M modes) or value selected by camera (P and S modes)
Lens Aperture Instant return, electronically controlled
Compatible Lenses 1) Type G or D AF NIKKOR*1: All functions supported (PC Micro-NIKKOR does not support some functions) 2) DX NIKKOR: All functions supported except FX-format (36x24)/1.2x (30×20)/5:4 (30x24) image size 3) Other AF NIKKOR*2: All functions supported except 3D color matrix metering II 4) AI-P NIKKOR: All functions supported except autofocus and 3D color matrix metering II 5) Non-CPU: Can be used in exposure modes A and M; color matrix metering and aperture value display supported if user provides lens data (AI lenses only) Electronic rangefinder can be used if maximum aperture is f/5.6 or faster *1. IX- NIKKOR lenses cannot be used *2. Excluding AF- NIKKOR lenses for F3AF
Type Electronically-controlled vertical-travel focal-plane shutter
Speed 1/8,000 to 30 s in steps of 1/3, 1/2 or 1 EV, bulb, X250
Flash Sync Speed X = 1/250 s; flash synchronization at up to 1/250 s
Release Modes Single frame, continuous low speed, continuous high speed, quiet shutter-release, self-timer, mirror up
Frame Advance Rate (CIPA Guidelines) • DX (24×16): Up to approx. 9 fps (CL) or approx. 9 to 11 fps (CH) • Other image areas: Up to approx. 9 fps
Self-timer Electronically controlled timer with duration of 2, 5, 10 or 20 s
Metering TTL full-aperture exposure metering using 1,005-pixel RGB sensor
Metering System 1) Matrix: 3D color matrix metering II (type G and D lenses); color matrix metering II (other CPU lenses); color matrix metering (non-CPU lenses if user provides lens data) 2) Center-Weighted: Weight of 75% given to 12-mm circle in center of frame, diameter of circle can be changed to 8, 15 or 20 mm, or weighting can be based on average of entire frame (non-CPU lenses use 12-mm circle or average of entire frame) 3) Spot: Meters 4-mm circle (about 1.5% of frame) centered on selected focus point (on center focus point when non-CPU lens is used)
Metering Range 1) 0 to 20 EV (Matrix or center-weighted metering) 2) 2 to 20 EV (Spot metering) (ISO 100 equivalent, f/1.4 lens, at 20°C/68°F)
Exposure Meter Coupling Combined CPU and AI
Exposure Modes 1) Programmed Auto (P) with flexible program, 2) Shutter-Priority Auto (S), 3) Aperture-Priority Auto (A), 4) Manual (M)
Exposure Compensation ±5 EV in increments of 1/3, 1/2 or 1 EV
Exposure Bracketing 2 to 9 frames in steps of 1/3, 1/2, 2/3 or 1 EV
Exposure Lock Exposure locked at detected value with AE-L/AF-L button
ISO Sensitivity ISO 200 to 12800 in steps of 1/3, 1/2 or 1 EV; can also be set to approx. 0.3, 0.5, 0.7 or 1 EV (ISO 100 equivalent) below ISO 200 or to approx. 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 1, 2 or 3 EV (ISO 102400 equivalent) above ISO 12800; auto ISO sensitivity control available
Active D-Lighting Can be selected from [Auto], [Extra high], [High], [Normal], [Low] or [Off]
ADL Bracketing 2 frames using selected value for one frame or 3 to 5 frames using preset values for all frames
Autofocus Nikon Multi-CAM 3500FX autofocus sensor module with TTL phase detection; 51 focus points (including 15 cross-type sensors); AF fine tuning possible
Detection Range -1 to +19 EV (ISO 100 at 20°C/68°F)
Lens Servo 1) Autofocus: Single-servo AF (S); Continuous-servo AF (C); predictive focus tracking automatically activated according to subject status 2) Manual focus (M) with electronic rangefinder
Focus Point Can be selected from 51 or 11 focus points
AF-area Mode 1) Single-point AF 2) Dynamic-area AF [number of AF points: 9, 21, 51, 51 (3D-tracking)] 3) Auto-area AF
Focus Lock Focus can be locked by pressing AE-L/AF-L button or by pressing shutter-release button halfway (Single-servo AF)
Flash Control 1) TTL: i-TTL balanced fill-flash and standard i-TTL flash for digital SLR using 1,005-pixel RGB sensor are available with SB-900, 800, 600 or 400 2) Auto aperture (AA): Available with SB-900, 800 and CPU lens 3) Non-TTL auto (A): Available with SB-900, 800, 28, 27 or 22S 4) Range-priority manual (GN): Available with SB-900 and 800
Flash Modes 1) Front curtain sync 2) Slow sync 3) Rear-curtain sync 4) Red-eye reduction 5) Red-eye reduction with slow sync
Flash Bracketing 2 to 9 frames in steps of 1/3, 1/2, 2/3 or 1 EV
Flash-ready Indicator Lights when Speedlight such as SB-900, SB-800, SB-600, SB-400, SB-80DX, SB-28DX or SB-50DX is fully charged; blinks after flash is fired at full output
Accessory Shoe ISO 518 hot-shoe with sync and data contacts, and safety lock
Nikon Creative Lighting System (CLS) Advanced Wireless Lighting supported with SB-900, SB-800 or SU-800 as commander and SB-900, SB-800, SB-600 or SB-R200 as remotes; Auto FP High-Speed Sync and modeling illumination supported with all CLS-compatible flash units except SB-400; Flash Color Information Communication and FV lock supported with all CLS-compatible flash units
Sync Terminal ISO 519 sync terminal with locking thread
White Balance Auto (TTL white balance with main image sensor and 1,005-pixel RGB sensor), Incandescent, Fluorescent (7 options), Direct Sunlight, Flash, Cloudy, Shade, preset manual (up to 5 values can be stored), and color temperature setting (2,500 K to 10,000 K), all with fine tuning
White Balance Bracketing 2 to 9 frames in steps of 1, 2 or 3
Modes Tripod, Hand-held
Autofocus • Tripod: Contrast-detect AF anywhere in frame • Hand-held: TTL phase-detection AF with 51 focus points (including 15 cross-type sensors)
Flicker Reduction 50 Hz and 60 Hz
Frame Size (pixels) 1,280 × 720/24 fps, 640 × 424/24 fps, 320 × 216/24 fps
File Format AVI
Compression Format Motion-JPEG
Audio Microphone sensitivity can be adjusted
ISO Sensitivity ISO 200 to 12800 (ISO 6400 to Hi 3 in high-sensitivity movie mode)
LCD Monitor 3-in., approx. 921k-dot (VGA), 170-degree wide-viewing-angle, 100% frame coverage, low-temperature polysilicon TFT LCD with brightness adjustment
Playback Function Full-frame and thumbnail (4, 9 or 72 images) playback with playback zoom, movie playback, slide show, histogram display, highlight display, auto image rotation, image comment (up to 36 characters), and voice memo input and playback
USB Hi-Speed USB
Video Output NTSC or PAL; simultaneous playback from both the video output and on the LCD monitor available
HDMI Output Type C HDMI connector; camera monitor turns off when HDMI cable is connected
Audio Input Stereo mini-pin jack (3.5-mm diameter)
10-pin Remote Terminal Can be used to connect optional remote control, GPS Unit GP-1 or GPS device compliant with NMEA 0183 version 2.01 and 3.01 (requires optional GPS Cable MC-35 and cable with D-sub 9-pin connector)
Supported Languages Chinese (Simplified and Traditional), Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish
Battery One Rechargeable Li-ion Battery EN-EL4a/EL4
AC Adapter AC Adapter EH-6 (optional)
Tripod Socket 1/4 in. (ISO 1222)
Dimensions (W x H x D) Approx. 159.5 x 157 x 87.5 mm/6.3 x 6.2 x 3.4 in.
Weight Approx. 1,240 g/2 lb. 12 oz. without battery, memory card, body cap or accessory shoe cover
Temperature 0-40°C/32-104°F
Humidity Under 85% (no condensation)
Supplied Accessories* Rechargeable Li-ion Battery EN-EL4a, Quick Charger MH-22, USB Cable UC-E4, Audio Video Cable EG-D2, Camera Strap AN-DC5, Body Cap BF-1B, Accessory Shoe Cover BS-2, Eyepiece DK-17, Battery Chamber Cover BL-4, USB Cable Clip, Software Suite CD-ROM
Main Optional Accessories Wireless Transmitter WT-4A/B/C/D/E**, GPS Unit GP-1, Magnifying Eyepiece DK-17M, AC Adapter EH-6, Capture NX 2 Software, Camera Control Pro 2 Software, Image Authentication Software

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review, 12 megapixel, nikon, DSLR, digital SLR, professional, pro, SLR, d3s, Nikon D3S Review, d3 s

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