Nikon D3x Review

5.0
April 22, 2009 | Gavin Stoker |

Specifications

Type

Single-lens reflex digital camera

Lens Mount

Nikon F mount with AF coupling and AF contacts

Picture Angle

Equivalent to angle produced by lens focal length (1.5 times when DX format is selected)

Effective Pixels

24.5 million

Image Sensor

CMOS sensor, 35.9 x 24.0 mm; Nikon FX format

Total Pixels

25.72 million

Dust-reduction System

Image Dust Off reference data (optional Capture NX 2 software required)

Storage Image Size (pixels)

- FX format (36 x 24): 6,048 x 4,032 (L), 4,544 x 3,024 (M), 3,024 x 2,016 (S)
- DX format (24 x 16): 3,968 x 2,640 (L), 2,976 x 1,976 (M), 1,984 x 1,320 (S)
- 5:4 (30 x 24): 5,056 x 4,032 (L), 3,792 x 3,024 (M), 2,528 x 2,016 (S)

File Format

1) NEF (RAW): 12 or 14 bit, lossless compressed, compressed, or uncompressed
2) TIFF (RGB)
3) JPEG: JPEG-Baseline compliant with fine (approx. 1:4), normal (approx. 1:8), or basic (approx. 1:16) compression ([Size priority]); [Optimal quality] compression available
4) NEF (RAW) + JPEG: Single photograph recorded in both NEF (RAW) and JPEG formats

Picture Control System

Four setting options: Standard, Neutral, Vivid, Monochrome; each option can be adjusted

Storage Media

CompactFlash (Type I/II, compliant with UDMA); Microdrives

Double Slot

Slot 2 can be used for overflow or backup storage or for separate storage of NEF (RAW) and JPEG images

File System

Compliant with DCF 2.0, DPOF, Exif 2.21, and PictBridge

Viewfinder

SLR-type with fixed eye-level pentaprism

Diopter Adjustment

-3 to +1 m-1

Eyepoint

18 mm (-1.0 m-1)

Focusing Screen

Type B BriteView Clear Matte VI screen

Frame Coverage

Approx. 100% (vertical/horizontal) in FX format, approx. 97% (vertical/horizontal) in DX format, approx. 100% (vertical) and approx. 97% (horizontal) in 5:4

Magnification

Approx. 0.7x (50mm f/1.4 lens at infinity; -1.0 m-1)

Reflex Mirror

Quick-return type

Depth-of-field Preview

When CPU lens is attached, lens aperture can be stopped down to value selected by user (A and M modes) or value selected by camera (P and S modes)

Lens Aperture

Instant-return type, with depth-of-field preview button

Lens Compatible Lenses*1

1) Type G or D AF Nikkor: All functions supported
2) DX AF Nikkor: All functions supported except FX-format (36x24)/5:4 (30x24) image size
3) AF Nikkor other than type G or D*2: All functions supported except 3D Color Matrix Metering II
4) AI-P Nikkor: All functions supported except autofocus and 3D Color Matrix Metering II
5) Non-CPU AI Nikkor: Can be used in exposure modes A and M; electronic rangefinder can be used if maximum aperture is f/5.6 or faster; Color Matrix Metering and aperture value display supported if user provides lens data
*1. IX-Nikkor lenses cannot be used *2. Excluding AF-Nikkor lenses for F3AF

Shutter Type

Electronically controlled vertical-travel focal-plane shutter

Speed

1/8,000 to 30 s in steps of 1/3, 1/2 or 1 EV; Bulb

Flash Sync Speed

X = 1/250 s; flash synchronization at up to 1/250 s

Release Modes

1) Single-frame [S] mode
2) Continuous Low-speed [CL] mode
3) Continuous High-speed [CH] mode
4) Live View [LV] mode
5) Self-timer mode
6) Mirror-up [Mup] mode

Frame Advance Rate

• DX format (24 x 16): Up to 5 fps (CL) or 5 to 7 fps (CH)
• Other image areas: Up to 5 fps

Self-timer

Electronically controlled timer with duration of 2, 5, 10 or 20 s

Exposure Metering

TTL full-aperture exposure metering using 1,005-pixel RGB sensor

Metering System

1) 3D Color Matrix Metering II (type G and D lenses); Color Matrix Metering II (other CPU lenses); Color Matrix Metering (non-CPU lenses if user provides lens data)
2) Center-Weighted: Weight of 75% given to 12-mm circle in center of frame, diameter of circle can be changed to 8, 15 or 20 mm, or weighting can be based on average of entire frame (non-CPU lenses use 12-mm circle or average of entire frame)
3) Spot: Meters 4-mm circle (about 1.5% of frame) centered on selected focus point (on center focus point when non-CPU lens is used)

Metering Range

1) 0 to 20 EV (Matrix or Center-Weighted Metering)
2) 2 to 20 EV (Spot Metering) (ISO 100 equivalent, f/1.4 lens, at 20°C/68°F)

Exposure Meter Coupling

Combined CPU and AI

Exposure Modes

1) Programmed Auto (P) with flexible program
2) Shutter-Priority Auto (S)
3) Aperture- Priority Auto (A)
4) Manual (M)

Exposure Compensation

±5 EV in increments of 1/3, 1/2 or 1 EV

Exposure Lock

Exposure locked at detected value with AE-L/AF-L button

Exposure Bracketing

Exposure and/or flash bracketing (2 to 9 exposures in increments of 1/3, 1/2, 2/3 or 1 EV)

Sensitivity

ISO 100 to 1600 in steps of 1/3, 1/2, or 1 EV; can be set to approx. 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, or 1 EV (ISO 50 equivalent) below ISO 100, or to approx. 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 1, or 2 EV (ISO 6400 equivalent) over ISO 1600

Active D-Lighting

Can be selected from [Auto], [Extra high], [High], [Normal], [Low], or [Off]

Autofocus

Nikon Multi-CAM 3500FX autofocus sensor module with TTL phase-detection; 51 focus points (including 15 cross-type sensors); AF fine tuning possible

Detection Range

-1 to +19 EV (ISO 100 at 20°C/68°F)

Lens Servo

1) Autofocus: Single-servo AF (S); Continuous-servo AF (C); Focus Tracking automatically activated according to subject status
2) Manual focus (M) with electronic rangefinder

Focus Point

Single AF point can be selected from 51 or 11 focus points

AF-Area Mode

1) Single-point AF
2) Dynamic-area AF [number of AF points: 9, 21, 51, 51 (3D-Tracking)]
3) Auto-area AF

Focus Lock

Focus can be locked by pressing AE-L/AF-L button or by pressing shutter-release button halfway (Single-point AF in AF-S)

Flash Control

1) TTL flash control with 1,005-pixel RGB sensor; i-TTL balanced fill-flash and standard i-TTL fill-flash available with SB-900, 800, 600 or 400
2) Auto aperture (AA): Available with SB-900, 800 and CPU lens
3) Non-TTL auto (A): Available with SB-900, 800, 28, 27 or 22s
4) Range-priority manual (GN): Available with SB-900, and 800

Flash Sync Modes

1) Front-curtain sync (normal)
2) Slow sync
3) Rear-curtain sync
4) Red-eye reduction
5) Red-eye reduction with slow sync

Flash-ready Indicator

Lights when Speedlight such as SB-900, SB-800, SB-600, SB-400, SB-80DX, SB-28DX, or SB-50DX is fully charged; blinks after flash is fired at full output

Accessory Shoe

ISO 518 hot shoe with sync and data contacts, and safety lock

Sync Terminal

ISO 519 sync terminal with locking thread

Nikon Creative Lighting System (CLS)

With Speedlights such as SB-900, SB-800, SB-600, SB-R200, SU-800 (commander only), supports Advanced Wireless Lighting, Auto FP High-Speed Sync, Flash Color Information Communication, modeling flash and FV lock

White Balance

• Auto (TTL white balance with main image sensor and 1,005-pixel RGB sensor);
• Seven manual modes can be preset with fine-tuning; color temperature setting; white balance bracketing: 2 to 9 exposures in increments of 1, 2 or 3

Live View Modes

Handheld mode: TTL phase-detection AF with 51 focus areas (15 cross-type sensors) Tripod mode: Contrast-detect AF on a desired point within a specific area

LCD Monitor

3-in., approx. 920k-dot (VGA), 170-degree wide-viewing-angle, 100% frame coverage, low-temperature polysilicon TFT LCD with brightness adjustment

Playback Function

Full-frame and thumbnail (4 or 9 images) playback with playback zoom, slide show, histogram display, highlight display, auto image rotation, image comment (up to 36 characters), and voice memo input and playback

Interface USB

Hi-Speed USB

Video Output

NTSC or PAL; simultaneous playback from both the video output and on the LCD monitor available

HDMI Output

Type A connector is provided as HDMI output terminal; simultaneous playback from both the HDMI output terminal and on the LCD monitor not available

10-pin Remote Terminal

Can be used to connect optional remote control, GPS Unit GP-1, or GPS device compliant with NMEA 0183 version 2.01 and 3.01 (requires optional GPS Adapter Cord MC-35 and cable with D-sub 9-pin connector)

Supported Languages

Chinese (Simplified and Traditional), Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swedish

Battery

One Rechargeable Li-ion Battery EN-EL4a/EL4, Quick Charger MH-22/MH-21

AC Adapter

AC Adapter EH-6 (optional)

Tripod Socket

1/4 in. (ISO 1222)

Dimensions (W x H x D)

Approx. 159.5 x 157 x 87.5 mm/6.3 x 6.2 x 3.4 in.

Weight

Approx. 1,220 g/2 lb. 11 oz. without battery, memory card, body cap or accessory shoe cover

Environment Temperature

0-40°C/32-104°F

Humidity

Under 85% (no condensation)

Supplied accessories*

Rechargeable Li-ion Battery EN-EL4a, Quick Charger MH-22, USB Cable UC-E4, Audio Video Cable EG-D2, Camera Strap AN-D3X, Body Cap BF-1A, Accessory Shoe Cover BS-2, Eyepiece DK-17, Battery Chamber Cover BL-4, USB Cable Clip, Software Suite CD-ROM
*Supplied accessories may differ depending on country or area

Entry Tags

3 inch LCD, DSLR, Nikon, Full Frame, 24.6 Megapixel