Nikon D4 Review

4.5
May 1, 2012 | Zoltan Arva-Toth |

Specifications

 
Type of camera Single-lens reflex digital camera
Lens mount Nikon F mount (with AF coupling and AF contacts)
Effective pixels 16.2 million
Image sensor 36.0 × 23.9 mm CMOS sensor (Nikon FX format)
Total pixels 16.6 million
Dust-reduction system Image sensor cleaning, Image Dust Off reference data (requires optional Capture NX 2 software)
Image size (pixels) 1) FX format (36×24): 4,928 × 3,280 (L), 3,696 × 2,456 (M), 2,464 × 1,640 (S) 2) 1.2× (30×20): 4,096 × 2,720 (L), 3,072 × 2,040 (M), 2,048 × 1,360 (S) 3) DX format (24×16): 3,200 × 2,128 (L), 2,400 × 1,592 (M), 1,600 × 1,064 (S) 4) 5:4 (30×24): 4,096 × 3,280 (L), 3,072 × 2,456 (M), 2,048 × 1,640 (S) 5) FX-format photographs taken in movie live view (16:9): 4,928 × 2,768 (L), 3,696 × 2,072 (M), 2,464 × 1,384 (S) 6) DX-format photographs taken in movie live view (16:9): 3,200 × 1,792 (L), 2,400 × 1,344 (M), 1,600 × 896 (S) 7) FX-format photographs taken in movie live view (3:2): 4,928 × 3,280 (L), 3,696 × 2,456 (M), 2,464 × 1,640 (S) 8) DX-format photographs taken in movie live view (3:2): 3,200 × 2,128 (L), 2,400 × 1,592 (M), 1,600 × 1,064 (S) A DX-based format is used for photographs taken using the DX (24 × 16) 1.5× image area; an FX-based format is used for all other photographs
File format NEF (RAW): 12 or 14 bit, lossless compressed, compressed or uncompressed, TIFF (RGB), JPEG: JPEG-Baseline compliant with fine (approx. 1:4), normal (approx. 1:8) or basic (approx. 1:16) compression (Size priority); Optimal quality compression available, NEF (RAW)+JPEG: Single photograph recorded in both NEF (RAW) and JPEG formats.
Picture Control System Can be selected from Standard, Neutral, Vivid, Monochrome, Portrait, Landscape; selected Picture Control can be modified; storage for custom Picture Controls
Storage media XQD and Type I CompactFlash memory cards (UDMA compliant)
Dual card slots Either card can be used for primary or backup storage or for separate storage of NEF (RAW) and JPEG images; pictures can be copied between cards.
File system DCF (Design Rule for Camera File System) 2.0, DPOF (Digital Print Order Format), Exif (Exchangeable Image File Format for Digital Still Cameras) 2.3, PictBridge
Viewfinder Eye-level pentaprism single-lens reflex viewfinder
Frame coverage FX (36×24): Approx. 100% horizontal and 100% vertical, 1.2× (30×20): Approx. 97% horizontal and 97% vertical, DX (24×16): Approx. 97% horizontal and 97% vertical, 5:4 (30×24): Approx. 97% horizontal and 100% vertical
Magnification Approx. 0.7× (50 mm f/1.4 lens at infinity, -1.0 m-1)
Eyepoint 18 mm (-1.0 m-1; from center surface of viewfinder eyepiece lens)
Diopter adjustment -3 to +1 m-1
Focusing screen Type B BriteView Clear Matte Mark VIII screen with AF area brackets and framing grid
Reflex mirror Quick return
Depth-of-field preview When Pv button is pressed, lens aperture is stopped down to value selected by user (A and M modes) or by camera (P and S modes)
Lens aperture Instant return, electronically controlled
Compatible lenses Compatible with AF NIKKOR lenses, including type G and D lenses (some restrictions apply to PC-NIKKOR lenses), DX lenses [using DX (24×16) image area], AI-P NIKKOR lenses, and non-CPU AI lenses (exposure modes A and M only); IX-NIKKOR lenses, lenses for the F3AF, and non-AI lenses cannot be used The electronic rangefinder can be used with lenses that have a maximum aperture of f/5.6 or faster (the electronic rangefinder supports the 11 focus points with lenses that have a maximum aperture of f/8 or faster)
Shutter type Electronically-controlled vertical-travel focal-plane shutter
Shutter speed 1/8,000 to 30 s in steps of 1/3, 1/2 or 1 EV, bulb, X250
Flash sync speed X=1/250 s; synchronizes with shutter at 1/250 s or slower
Release modes S (single frame), CL (continuous low speed), CH (continuous high speed), Q (quiet shutter-release), (self-timer), MUP (mirror up)
Frame advance rate Up to 10 fps (CL) or 10 to 11 fps (CH)
Self-timer 2 s, 5 s, 10 s, 20 s; 1 to 9 exposures at intervals of 0.5, 1, 2 or 3 s
Exposure metering TTL exposure metering using RGB sensor with approx. 91K (91,000) pixels
Metering method 1) 3D Color Matrix Metering III (type G and D lenses); Color Matrix Metering III (other CPU lenses); Color Matrix Metering (non-CPU lenses if user provides lens data) 2) Center-Weighted: Weight of 75% given to 12-mm circle in center of frame, diameter of circle can be changed to 8, 15 or 20 mm, or weighting can be based on average of entire frame (non-CPU lenses use 12-mm circle or average of entire frame) 3) Spot: Meters 4-mm circle (about 1.5% of frame) centered on selected focus point (on center focus point when non-CPU lens is used)
Metering range (ISO 100, f/1.4 lens, 20°C/68°F)
Matrix or center-weighted metering -1 to 20 EV
Spot metering 2 to 20 EV
Exposure meter coupling Combined CPU and AI
Exposure modes Programmed auto with flexible program (P); shutter-priority auto (S); aperture-priority auto (A); manual (M)
Exposure compensation -5 to +5 EV in increments of 1/3, 1/2 or 1 EV
Exposure bracketing 2 to 9 frames in steps of 1/3, 1/2, 2/3 or 1 EV
Exposure lock Luminosity locked at detected value with the center of the sub-selector
ISO sensitivity (Recommended Exposure Index) ISO 100 to 12800 in steps of 1/3, 1/2 or 1 EV; can also be set to approx. 0.3, 0.5, 0.7 or 1 EV (ISO 50 equivalent) below ISO 100 or to approx. 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 1, 2, 3 or 4 EV (ISO 204800 equivalent) above ISO 12800; auto ISO sensitivity control available
Active D-Lighting Can be selected from auto, extra high +2/+1, high, normal, low or off
ADL bracketing 2 frames using selected value for one frame or 3 to 5 frames using preset values for all frames
Autofocus Nikon Advanced Multi-CAM 3500FX autofocus sensor module with TTL phase detection, fine-tuning, and 51 focus points (including 15 cross-type sensors with f/8 supported by 11 sensors)
Detection range -2 to +19 EV (ISO 100, 20°C/68°F)
Lens servo Autofocus (AF): Single-servo autofocus (AF-S); continuous-servo autofocus (AF-C); predictive focus tracking automatically activated according to subject status Manual focus (M): Electronic rangefinder can be used
Focus point Can be selected from 51 or 11 focus points
AF-area modes Single-point AF, 9-, 21- or 51-point dynamic-area AF, 3D-tracking, auto-area AF
Focus lock Focus can be locked by pressing shutter-release button halfway (single-servo autofocus) or by pressing the center of the sub-selector
Flash control TTL: i-TTL flash control using RGB sensor with approx. 91K (91,000) pixels is available with SB-910, SB-900, SB-800, SB-700, SB-600 or SB-400; i-TTL balanced fill-flash for digital SLR is used with matrix and center-weighted metering, standard i-TTL flash for digital SLR with spot metering
Flash modes Front-curtain sync, slow sync, rear-curtain sync, red-eye reduction, red-eye reduction with slow sync, slow rear-curtain sync; auto FP high-speed sync supported
Flash compensation -3 to +1 EV in increments of 1/3, 1/2 or 1 EV
Flash bracketing 2 to 9 frames in steps of 1/3, 1/2, 2/3 or 1 EV
Flash-ready indicator Lights when optional flash unit is fully charged; flashes after flash is fired at full output
Accessory shoe ISO 518 hot-shoe with sync and data contacts and safety lock
Nikon Creative Lighting System (CLS) Advanced Wireless Lighting supported with SB-910, SB-900, SB-800 or SB-700 as a master flash and SB-600 or SB-R200 as remotes, or SU-800 as commander; auto FP high-speed sync and modeling illumination supported with all CLS-compatible flash units except SB-400; Flash Color Information Communication and FV lock supported with all CLS-compatible flash units
Sync terminal ISO 519 sync terminal with locking thread
White balance Auto (2 types), incandescent, fluorescent (7 types), direct sunlight, flash, cloudy, shade, preset manual (up to 4 values can be stored), choose color temperature (2,500 K to 10,000 K); all with fine-tuning
White balance bracketing 2 to 9 frames in steps of 1, 2 or 3
Live view modes Live view photography (quiet or silent), movie live view
Live view lens servo • Autofocus (AF): Single-servo autofocus (AF-S); full-time servo autofocus (AF-F) • Manual focus (M)
AF-area modes Face-priority AF, wide-area AF, normal-area AF, subject-tracking AF
Autofocus Contrast-detect AF anywhere in frame (camera selects focus point automatically when face-priority AF or subject-tracking AF is selected)
Movie metering TTL exposure metering using main image sensor
Frame size (pixels) and frame rate • 1,920 × 1,080; 30p (progressive), 25p, 24p • 1,920 × 1,080 crop; 30p, 25p, 24p • 1,280 × 720; 60p, 50p, 30p, 25p • 640 × 424; 30p, 25p Actual frame rates for 60p, 50p, 30p, 25p, and 24p are 59.94, 50, 29.97, 25, and 23.976 fps respectively; all options support both high and normal image quality
File format MOV
Video compression H.264/MPEG-4 Advanced Video Coding
Audio recording format Linear PCM
Audio recording device Built-in monaural or external stereo microphone; sensitivity adjustable
ISO sensitivity Automatically adjusted in the range ISO 200 to 12800 or ISO 200 to Hi 4
Maximum length Approx. 29 min. 59 s
Other movie options Index marking, time-lapse photography
Monitor 8-cm (3.2-in.), approx. 921k-dot (VGA) TFT LCD with 170° viewing angle, approx. 100% frame coverage, and automatic monitor brightness control using ambient brightness sensor
Playback Full-frame and thumbnail (4, 9, or 72 images) playback with playback zoom, movie playback, photo and/or movie slide shows, histogram display, highlights, photo information, GPS data display, auto image rotation, voice memo input and playback, and IPTC information embedding and display
USB Hi-Speed USB
HDMI output Type C mini-pin HDMI connector; can be used simultaneously with camera monitor
Audio input Stereo mini-pin jack (3.5-mm diameter; plug-in power supported)
Audio output Stereo mini-pin jack (3.5-mm diameter)
10-pin remote terminal Can be used to connect optional remote control, GPS Unit GP-1 or GPS device compliant with NMEA0183 version 2.01 or 3.01 (requires optional GPS Adapter Cord MC-35 and cable with D-sub 9-pin connector)
Ethernet RJ-45 connector
Peripheral connector For Wireless Transmitter WT-5
Supported languages Arabic, Chinese (Simplified and Traditional), Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish and Ukrainian
Battery One Rechargeable Li-ion Battery EN-EL18
AC adapter AC Adapter EH-6b; requires Power Connector EP-6 (available separately)
Tripod socket 1/4 in. (ISO 1222)
Dimensions (W × H × D) Approx. 160 × 156.5 × 90.5 mm/6.3 × 6.2 × 3.6 in.
Weight Approx. 1,340 g/2 lb 15.3 oz with battery and XQD memory card but without body cap and accessory shoe cover; approx. 1,180 g/2 lb 9.6 oz (camera body only)
Operating environment Temperature: 0 to 40°C/32 to 104°F; humidity: less than 85% (no condensation)
Supplied accessories (may differ by country or area) Rechargeable Li-ion Battery EN-EL18, Battery Charger MH-26, USB Cable UC-E15, USB Cable Clip, Camera Strap AN-DC7, Body Cap BF-1B, Accessory Shoe Cover BS-2, Mic Stereo Input Jack for Stereo Microphone ME-1 UF-2

Entry Tags

review, 16 megapixel, nikon, DSLR, digital SLR, professional, sports, pro, SLR, olympics, d4, Nikon D4 Review, nikon d4