Nikon D4s Review

4.5
April 1, 2014 | Mark Goldstein |

Specifications

Type Single-lens reflex digital camera
Lens mount Nikon F mount (with AF coupling and AF contacts)
Effective angle of view Nikon FX format
Effective pixels
Effective pixels 16.2 million
Image sensor
Image sensor 36.0 x 23.9 mm CMOS sensor (Nikon FX format)
Total pixels 16.6 million
Dust-reduction system Image sensor cleaning, Image Dust Off reference data (optional Capture NX 2 software required)
Storage
Image size(pixels)
  • FX format (36x24): 4928 x 3280 (L), 3696 x 2456 (M), 2464 x 1640 (S)
  • 1.2x (30x20): 4096 x 2720 (L), 3072 x 2040 (M), 2048 x 1360 (S)
  • DX format (24x16): 3200 x 2128 (L), 2400 x 1592 (M), 1600 x 1064 (S)
  • 5:4 (30x24): 4096 x 3280 (L), 3072 x 2456 (M), 2048 x 1640 (S)
  • FX-format photographs taken in movie live view (16:9): 4928 x 2768 (L), 3696 x 2072 (M), 2464 x 1384 (S)
  • DX-format photographs taken in movie live view (16:9): 3200 x 1792 (L), 2400 x 1344 (M), 1600 x 896 (S)
  • FX-format photographs taken in movie live view (3:2): 4928 x 3280 (L), 3696 x 2456 (M), 2464 x 1640 (S)
  • DX-format photographs taken in movie live view (3:2): 3200 x 2128 (L), 2400 x 1592 (M), 1600 x 1064 (S)
A DX-based format is used for photographs taken using the DX (24x16) 1.5x image area; an FX-based format is used for all other photographs
File format
  • NEF (RAW): 12 or 14 bit, lossless compressed, compressed or uncompressed; small size available (12-bit uncompressed only)
  • TIFF (RGB)
  • JPEG: JPEG-Baseline compliant with fine (approx. 1:4), normal (approx. 1:8) or basic (approx. 1:16) compression (Size priority); Optimal quality compression available
  • NEF (RAW)+JPEG: Single photograph recorded in both NEF (RAW) and JPEG formats
Picture Control system Standard, Neutral, Vivid, Monochrome, Portrait, Landscape; selected Picture Control can be modified; storage for custom Picture Controls
Media XQD and Type I CompactFlash memory cards (UDMA compliant)
Dual card slots Either card can be used for primary or backup storage or for separate storage of NEF (RAW) and JPEG images; pictures can be copied between cards
File system DCF 2.0, DPOF, Exif 2.3, PictBridge
Viewfinder
Viewfinder Eye-level pentaprism single-lens reflex viewfinder
Frame coverage
  • FX (36x24): Approx. 100% horizontal and 100% vertical
  • 1.2x (30x20): Approx. 97% horizontal and 97% vertical
  • DX (24x16): Approx. 97% horizontal and 97% vertical
  • 5:4 (30x24): Approx. 97% horizontal and 100% vertical
Magnification Approx. 0.7x (50 mm f/1.4 lens at infinity, -1.0 m-1)
Eyepoint 18 mm (-1.0 m-1; from center surface of viewfinder eyepiece lens)
Diopter adjustment -3 to +1 m-1
Focusing screen Type B BriteView Clear Matte Mark VIII screen with AF area brackets (framing grid can be displayed)
Reflex mirror Quick return
Depth-of-field preview Pressing Pv button stops lens aperture down to value selected by user (A and M modes) or by camera (P and S modes)
Lens aperture Instant return, electronically controlled
Lens
Compatible lenses Compatible with AF NIKKOR lenses, including type G, E, and D lenses (some restrictions apply to PC lenses), DX lenses (using DX 24x16 1.5x image area) AI-P NIKKOR lenses, and non-CPU AI lenses (exposure modes A and M only); IX-NIKKOR lenses, lenses for the F3AF, and non-AI lenses cannot be used: The electronic rangefinder can be used with lenses that have a maximum aperture of f/5.6 or faster (the electronic rangefinder supports the 11 focus points with lenses that have a maximum aperture of f/8 or faster)
Shutter
Type Electronically-controlled vertical-travel focal-plane shutter
Speed 1/8000 to 30 s in steps of 1/3, 1/2 or 1 EV, bulb, time, X250
Flash sync speed X=1/250 s; synchronizes with shutter at 1/250 s or slower
Release
Release mode S (single frame), CL (continuous low speed), CH (continuous high speed), Q (quiet shutter-release), Self-timer, MUP (mirror up)
Frame advance rate Up to 10 fps (CL) or 10 to 11 fps (CH)
Self-timer 2 s, 5 s, 10 s, 20 s; 1 to 9 exposures at intervals of 0.5, 1, 2 or 3 s
Exposure
Metering TTL exposure metering using RGB sensor with approx. 91K (91000) pixels
Metering method
  • Matrix: 3D color matrix metering III (type G, E and D lenses); color matrix metering III (other CPU lenses); color matrix metering available with non-CPU lenses if user provides lens data
  • Center-weighted: Weight of 75% given to 12-mm circle in center of frame; diameter of circle can be changed to 8, 15 or 20 mm, or weighting can be based on average of entire frame (non-CPU lenses use 12-mm circle)
  • Spot: Meters 4-mm circle (about 1.5% of frame) centered on selected focus point (on center focus point when non-CPU lens is used)
Range
(ISO 100, f/1.4 lens, 20°C/68°F)
  • Matrix or center-weighted metering: -1 to 20 EV
  • Spot metering: 2 to 20 EV
Exposure meter coupling Combined CPU and AI
Mode Programmed auto with flexible program (P); shutter-priority auto (S); aperture-priority auto (A); manual (M)
Exposure compensation -5 to +5 EV in increments of 1/3, 1/2 or 1 EV
Exposure bracketing 2 to 9 frames in steps of 1/3, 1/2, 2/3 or 1 EV; 2 to 5 frames in steps of 2 or 3 EV
Exposure lock Luminosity locked at detected value with the center of the sub-selector
ISO sensitivity
(Recommended Exposure Index)
ISO 100 to 25600 in steps of 1/3, 1/2 or 1 EV; can also be set to approx. 0.3, 0.5, 0.7 or 1 EV (ISO 50 equivalent) below ISO 100 or to approx. 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 1, 2, 3 or 4 EV (ISO 409600 equivalent) above ISO 25600; auto ISO sensitivity control available
Active D-Lighting Can be selected from auto, extra high +2/+1, high, normal, low or off
ADL bracketing 2 frames using selected value for one frame or 3 to 5 frames using preset values for all frames
Focus
Autofocus Nikon Advanced Multi-CAM 3500FX autofocus sensor module with TTL phase detection, fine-tuning, 51 focus points (including 15 cross-type sensors; f/8 supported by 11 sensors)
Detection range -1 to +19 EV (ISO 100, 20°C/68°F)
Lens servo
  • Autofocus (AF): Single-servo AF (AF-S); continuous-servo AF (AF-C); predictive focus tracking automatically activated according to subject status
  • Manual focus (M): Electronic rangefinder can be used
Focus point Can be selected from 51 or 11 focus points
AF-area mode Single-point AF, 9-, 21- or 51-point dynamic-area AF, 3D-tracking, group-area AF, auto-area AF
Focus lock Focus can be locked by pressing shutter-release button halfway (single-servo AF) or by pressing the center of the sub-selector
Flash
Flash control TTL: i-TTL flash control using RGB sensor with approx. 91K (91000) pixels is available with SB-910, SB-900, SB-800, SB-700, SB-600, SB-400 or SB-300; i-TTL balanced fill-flash for digital SLR is used with matrix and center-weighted metering, standard i-TTL flash for digital SLR with spot metering
Flash mode Front-curtain sync, slow sync, rear-curtain sync, red-eye reduction, red-eye reduction with slow sync, slow rear-curtain sync, off; auto FP high-speed sync supported
Flash compensation -3 to +1 EV in increments of 1/3, 1/2 or 1 EV
Flash bracketing 2 to 9 frames in steps of 1/3, 1/2, 2/3 or 1 EV; 2 to 5 frames in steps of 2 or 3 EV
Flash-ready indicator Lights when optional flash unit is fully charged; flashes after flash is fired at full output
Accessory shoe ISO 518 hot-shoe with sync and data contacts and safety lock
Nikon Creative Lighting
System (CLS)
Advanced Wireless Lighting supported with SB-910, SB-900, SB-800 or SB-700 as a master flash, and SB-600 or SB-R200 as remotes, or SU-800 as commander; auto FP high-speed sync and modeling illumination supported with all CLS-compatible flash units except SB-400 and SB-300; Flash Color Information Communication and FV lock supported with all CLS-compatible flash units
Sync terminal ISO 519 sync terminal with locking thread
White balance
White balance Auto (2 types), incandescent, fluorescent (7 types), direct sunlight, flash, cloudy, shade, preset manual (up to 6 values can be stored, Spot White Balance measurement available during live view), choose color temperature (2500 K to 10000 K); all with fine-tuning
White balance bracketing 2 to 9 frames in steps of 1, 2 or 3
Live View
Live view mode Live view photography (quiet or silent), movie live view
Lens servo
  • Autofocus (AF): Single-servo AF (AF-S); full-time servo AF (AF-F)
  • Manual focus (M)
AF-area mode Face-priority AF, wide-area AF, normal-area AF, subject-tracking AF
Autofocus Contrast-detect AF anywhere in frame (camera selects focus point automatically when face-priority AF or subject-tracking AF is selected)
Movie
Metering TTL exposure metering using main image sensor
Frame size (pixels)
and frame rate
  • 1920 x 1080; 60p (progressive), 50p, 30p, 25p, 24p
  • 1920 x 1080 crop; 30p, 25p, 24p
  • 1280 x 720; 60p, 50p
  • 640 x 424; 30p, 25p
Actual frame rates for 60p, 50p, 30p, 25p, and 24p are 59.94, 50, 29.97, 25, and 23.976 fps respectively; all options support both ★high and normal image quality
File format MOV
Video compression H.264/MPEG-4 Advanced Video Coding
Audio recording format Linear PCM
Audio recording device Built-in monaural or external stereo microphone; sensitivity adjustable
ISO sensitivity
  • Exposure modes P, S and A: Auto ISO sensitivity control (ISO 200 to Hi 4) with selectable upper limit
  • Exposure mode M: Auto ISO sensitivity control (ISO 200 to Hi 4) available with selectable upper limit; manual selection (ISO 200 to 25600 in steps of 1/3, 1/2, or 1 EV) with additional options available equivalent to approximately 0.3, 0.5, 0.7, 1, 2, 3, or 4 EV (ISO 409600 equivalent) above ISO 25600
Maximum length 29 min. 59 s (10 or 20 min. depending on frame size/rate and movie quality settings)
Other movie options Index marking, time-lapse photography
Monitor
Monitor 8-cm (3.2-in.), approx. 921k-dot (VGA) TFT LCD with 170° viewing angle, approx. 100% frame coverage, manual monitor brightness control, and automatic monitor brightness control using ambient brightness sensor
Playback
Playback Full-frame and thumbnail (4, 9 or 72 images) playback with playback zoom, movie playback, photo and/or movie slide shows, histogram display, highlights, photo information, location data display, auto image rotation, voice memo input and playback, and IPTC information embedding and display
Interface
USB Hi-Speed USB
HDMI output Type C HDMI connector
Audio input Stereo mini-pin jack (3.5-mm diameter; plug-in power supported)
Audio output Stereo mini-pin jack (3.5-mm diameter)
10-pin remote terminal Can be used to connect optional remote control, optional WR-R10 (requires WR-A10 Adapter) or WR-1 Wireless Remote Controller, GP-1/GP-1A GPS Unit, or GPS device compliant with NMEA0183 version 2.01 or 3.01 (requires optional MC-35 GPS Adapter Cord and cable with D-sub 9-pin connector)
Ethernet RJ-45 connector
  • Standards: IEEE 802.3ab (1000BASE-T)/IEEE 802.3u (100BASE-TX)/IEEE 802.3 (10BASE-T)
  • Data rates: 10/100/1000 Mbps with auto detect (maximum logical data rates according to IEEE standard; actual rates may differ)
  • Port: 1000BASE-T/100BASE-TX/10BASE-T (AUTO-MDIX)
Peripheral connector For WT-5A/B/C/D Wireless Transmitter
Supported languages
Supported languages Arabic, Chinese (Simplified and Traditional), Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese (Portugal and Brazil), Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian
Power source
Battery One EN-EL18a Rechargeable Li-ion Battery
AC adapter EH-6b AC Adapter; requires EP-6 Power Connector (available separately)
Tripod socket
Tripod socket 1/4 in. (ISO 1222)
Dimensions / weight
Dimensions
(W x H x D)
Approx. 160 x 156.5 x 90.5 mm/ 6.3 x 6.2 x 3.6 in.
Weight Approx. 1350 g/ 2 lb 15.6 oz with battery and XQD memory card but without body cap and accessory shoe cover; approx. 1180 g/ 2 lb 9.6 oz (camera body only)
Operating environment
Operating environment Temperature: 0 to 40°C/32 to 104°F
humidity: 85% or less (no condensation)
Accessories
Supplied accessories
(may differ by country or area)
EN-EL18a Rechargeable Li-ion Battery, MH-26a Battery Charger, UC-E15 USB Cable, AN-DC11 Camera Strap, BF-1B Body Cap, BS-2 Accessory Shoe Cover, DK-17 Eyepiece, BL-6 Battery Chamber Cover, UF-2 Connector Cover for Stereo Mini Plug Cable, USB Cable Clip, HDMI Cable Clip, ViewNX 2 CD-ROM

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review, samples, 16 megapixel, nikon, sample images, RAW, jpegs, DSLR, movies, digital SLR, professional, sports, pro, JPEG, SLR, mov, 11fps, raws, olympics, Nikon D4s Review, d4s, nikon d4s

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