Nikon D3400 Review
Nikon D3400 Introduction
The Nikon D3400 is a new entry-level DSLR camera with a 24.2 megapixel DX format APS-C sensor with no anti-aliasing filter. The main improvements to the D3400 are extended battery life and SnapBridge support. Using Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE), SnapBridge creates a connection between the D3400 and a smart device, making it possible to wirelessly and automatically transfer images. The Nikon D3400 also features an EXPEED 4 processor, 5fps continuous shooting, a 3 inch 921k-dot LCD monitor, one-touch full 1080p HD video recording with autofocus, quick-access Live View mode, ISO range of 100-25600, 11-point autofocus system with a cross-type sensor in the centre, 10 special effects, and an interactive Guide Mode. The Nikon D3400 is available in black priced at £399.99 / €489 for the body only, £469.99 / €579 in an 18-55mm non-VR lens kit, or £489.99 / €599 / $649.99 with the AF-P DX NIKKOR 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6G VR retractable kit lens.
Ease of Use
Outwardly the Nikon D3400 is virtually identical to its 2-year old predecessor, the D3200, which in turn was very similar to the D3100 model. The Nikon D3400 is a rather small DSLR camera, although it does come with a chunky right-hand grip with a pronounced lip at the top. Still, expect having to find a place for your little finger under the camera if you have larger-than-average hands.
The camera body itself is mainly plastic, but while the D3400 certainly doesn't feel as robust as some of the company's higher specified models, it still exudes a degree of quality you might not expect at this price point. This is helped by the surprisingly classy rubber coating on the grip, which also appears on the thumb rest on the back of the camera. The Nikon D3400's body is almost identical to its predecessor in terms of the overall dimensions and weight, with all of the external controls in pretty much the same places as before. The ‘i’ button on the back of the camera makes it possible to bypass the main menu in order to quickly change key settings.
The new AF-P DX NIKKOR 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6G VR kit lens that ships with the D3400 is one of the main talking points of the D3400. Nikon have once again implemented a retractable design to make the lens more portable when it's not in use, something that quite a lot of compact system cameras have in their lens ranges. As a result the 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6 VR II is very compact when retracted to the L position, although of course you still have to extend it outwards to start shooting. It's also equipped with Nikon’s Stepping Motor technology for quick, smooth and very quiet autofocus, especially during live view shooting and video recording, and offers up to four stops of image stabilization. If the D3400 is your first venture into the world of Nikon DSLRs, we strongly advise opting for the kit with the AF-P DX NIKKOR 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6G VR lens.
The other main addition is Snapbridge, previously only available on the flagship D500 APS-C DSLR. The Nikon D3400 has Bluetooth connectivity, which means you can send your images across to a smartphone using Nikon's Snapbridge app. This app is now available for both iOS and Android devices, as of September 2016. Using Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE), SnapBridge creates a connection between the D3400 and a compatible smart device. Once paired, the D3400 will remain connected to the smart device and transfer photos automatically, without the need to re-connect the devices each time. You can choose to either set all images to automatically download as they are captured, or tag individual images for transfer in-camera. Images tthat are synced while you shoot are automatically resized for easier sharing, and the D3400 can even sync with your smart device while it’s in sleep mode. Nikon SnapBridge users can also access Nikon Image Space, a free online image sharing and storage service. Note that because the D3400 does not support Wi-Fi, not all SnapBridge features are available, most notably remote control of the D3400 via a smart device, still image transfer in the original 24 megapizel size, and movie transfer.
|Front of the Nikon D3400|
The Nikon D3400 follows conventional DSLR design in having a shooting mode dial on the top of the camera, which allows you to select either one of the advanced modes like Manual, Aperture- or Shutter-priority, or a number of scene modes.
The Guide mode first seen in the ancient D3000 has also been carried over, and includes sample images to help you to identify the shot, and options in the Advanced operation menu help you to reduce blur or soften backgrounds. The main purpose of the Guide mode remains the same as on the previous D3000-series cameras, namely to teach beginners about what settings to use in a number of shooting situations, and how these settings influence the final output. Nikon deserves kudos for this, as a mode like this can teach beginners a lot more about the basics of photography than the green Auto mode in which the camera assumes control of almost everything.
The Effects shooting mode, first introduced on the higher-end D5100, has been included on the D3400 and provides 10 different filters that can be applied to both still images and movies. The Night Vision effect is particularly worth of mention, pushing the camera's sensitivity to a whopping ISO 102,400, although a monochrome rather than colour image is recorded. For stills, you can enter Live View mode to preview the effect or simply use the optical viewfinder. For movies, the recording is slowed down (dependent upon the chosen effect) as the camera uses a lot of processing power to apply the effect, leading to footage that can have a rather staccato feel. Note also that the camera sets virtually everything in the Effects mode - exposure, shutter speed, white balance, ISO, file type and quality - so its only creative in terms of the arty effect that's applied. Several of the same effects can be applied to an image or movie that you've taken, though, so you can have the best of both worlds (albeit without the luxury of a preview).
The Exposure Compensation button is thoughtfully positioned next to the shutter release. Hold down this button with your right forefinger and spin the control wheel on the top-rear of the camera with your thumb to adjust its settings - simple and intuitive. In M mode, this easy-to-reach button allows you to toggle between aperture and shutter speed settings, making the lack of a second control wheel less problematic.
|Rear of the Nikon D3400|
The second button sitting next to the shutter release, labelled 'info', is arguably at the heart of the Nikon D3400's ease-of-use, as the camera lacks the monochromatic status LCD of more expensive models like the D7100, so Nikon had to provide a different way to check vital shooting information without having to look into the viewfinder. Enter the info button - pressing it displays virtually all of the camera's main settings on the large, high resolution rear screen.
The same screen is used for the D3400's Live View and movie recording modes. As noted above, the Nikon D3400 has a small LV button on the back which makes entering Live View a very easy and simple affair. In Live View the camera autofocuses using the contrast detect method. Depending on the AF mode set, you can either initiate this via a half-press of the shutter release, or have the camera keep focusing continuously. The first method is noticeably faster than on earlier models, though still not nearly as quick as the phase detection method used outside Live View. The other autofocus mode, called full-time AF, can be more of an annoyance than a benefit, as the picture might go out of focus just before you wanted to take a shot (though you can at least lock focus by half-pressing the shutter release when you think focus is where it should be).
Of course you can also focus manually while in Live View mode. As with earlier LV-enabled models, it is possible to magnify into the live image by repeatedly pressing the button labelled with a loupe icon - however, due to what appears to be a lo-res live view feed, this magnification is not much help. On a related note, it's also annoying that Nikon still doesn't offer a live histogram to help you get the exposure right when working in Live View mode.
|Top of the Nikon D3400|
The Nikon D3400 features a 1080p Full HD “D-movie” mode. At the highest resolution setting, the camera can record movies at 60p/50p/30p/25p/24p, while at 1280x720 pixels you can choose from 60p/50p. The Nikon D3400 offers full-time autofocus in movie mode, but you may quickly decide to turn this feature off. For one thing, the sound of the focus motor in the lens gets picked up by the microphone. For another, the subject may go out of focus for no apparent reason. If you really want to make sure an erratically moving subject stays sharp throughout the clip, you had better stop down the lens for enough depth of field to work with, and leave all shallow-depth-of-field trickery to static or predictably moving subjects.
There is an element of exposure control when shooting movies. Both the aperture and the shutter speed can be pre-set before you start filming and changed whilst shooting. By default, exposure changes with subject luminance while capturing a clip, although you can at least lock exposure by holding down the AE Lock button. The camera does not provide any special feedback on focus or highlight blow-out (i.e. no “peaking” or “zebras” like in professional video cameras), but there is manual control over audio levels and sound is recorded by way of the built-in stereo microphone. You can also hook the D3400 up to an optional external stereo mic to improve the audio quality. Videos are compressed using the H.264 codec and stored in a MOV container.
Like all SLRs, the D3400 has a proper through-the-lens optical viewfinder. It's not as large as that of a D7200, for example, but at 0.85x magnification it is slightly larger than the D3200's. The positions of the 11 autofocus sensors are permanently but unobtrusively marked on the focusing screen with 11 tiny dots. In single-point AF mode - in which you can specify which AF point the camera should use - the active autofocus point lights up in red upon a half-press of the shutter release. The other available AF area modes include Auto Area, Dynamic Area and 3D Tracking. Autofocus speeds with the new kit zoom were snappy, and focusing with the optical viewfinder is still a lot faster than in Live View mode.
|The Nikon D3400 In-hand|
Just like most other entry-level Nikon dSLRs, the Nikon D3400 lacks a body-integral focus motor, so it can only autofocus with AF-S and AF-I lenses which have the AF motor built in. Other AF Nikkors can be used in manual-focus mode only, although the AF sensors remain active and can at least provide focus confirmation via the green dot in the in-finder LCD. There is also an “electronic rangefinder” function that can be enabled via the menu; this tells you how far you are from perfect focus, and which way you need to rotate the focus ring to acquire it.
For the images already captured, the Nikon D3400 offers a broad range of retouching tools, including post-capture D-lighting (useful if you forgot to turn on Active D-lighting before capture), red-eye correction, trimming, monochrome conversion, different filter effects, colour balancing, image resizing, image overlay, in-camera raw processing, distortion correction, and a miniature effect that mimics a look that can otherwise only be achieved with a tilt lens. Many of these functions make it unnecessary to buy specialised computer programs or plug-ins and spend hours in front of a computer to achieve a desired/popular effect.
The Nikon D3400 is powered by a proprietary Lithium-ion battery that now offers an impressive 1200-shot life, and ships with a cordless charger that plugs directly into a mains socket. For storage, the camera uses SD, SDHC and SDXC memory cards. As far as connectivity goes, there are A/V Out, mini HDMI and USB terminals, but the D3300's connector for an optional cable release or GPS unit and the external microphone socket have both unfortunately been sacrificed for the new Bluetooth/Snapbridge connectivity.